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Hummingbird Species

Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator.

The hummingbird family is very large, with over 330 species and 115 genera, mostly south of the U.S. Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

Hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico, and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern U.S. as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. The first arrivals in spring are usually males.

Fewer than two dozen species venture into the U.S. and Canada, and only a few species remain year-round.

List of the Most Common Hummingbird Species Found in the U.S.A.

Common Name and
Scientific Name
Allen's Hummingbird
Anna's Hummingbird
Berylline Hummingbird
Source: By Dominic Sherony, derivative work, Flickr [CC-BY-SA-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Black-Chinned Hummingbird
Blue-Throated Hummingbird
Source: By Tz'unun [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Broad Billed Hummingbird
Broad Tailed Hummingbird
Buff-Bellied Hummingbird
Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Calliope Hummingbird
Source: By Kati Fleming (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Costa's Hummingbird

Green-Breasted Mango
Anthracothorax prevostii

See enlarged photo, hummingbird size, distribution and characteristics

Green-Breasted Mango Hummingbird
Source: By Dick Daniels ( (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
Green Violet-Ear Hummingbird
Lucifer Hummingbird
Magnificent Hummingbird
Source: By [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Ruby-Throated Hummingbird
Source: Author's Photo Archives
Rufous Hummingbird
Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Violet-Crowned Hummingbird
Source: Wikipedia Commons
White Eared Hummingbird
Source: By Seabamirum on Flickr [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Hummingbird Moth or
Hummingbird Hawk Moth
or Sphinx Moth

Although not a member of the hummingbird family, it hovers and hums like a hummingbird

See enlarged photo, size, distribution and characteristics

Hummingbird Moth
Source: Author's Photo Archives

more photos of hummingbirds

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